Drizzle | PostGIS geometry point
This guide assumes familiarity with:

PostGIS extends the capabilities of the PostgreSQL relational database by adding support for storing, indexing, and querying geospatial data.

As for now, Drizzle doesn’t create extension automatically, so you need to create it manually. Create an empty migration file and add SQL query:

npx drizzle-kit generate --custom

This is how you can create table with geometry datatype and spatial index in Drizzle:

import { geometry, index, pgTable, serial, text } from 'drizzle-orm/pg-core';

export const stores = pgTable(
    id: serial('id').primaryKey(),
    name: text('name').notNull(),
    location: geometry('location', { type: 'point', mode: 'xy', srid: 4326 }).notNull(),
  (t) => ({
    spatialIndex: index('spatial_index').using('gist', t.location),
    "id" serial PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,
    "name" text NOT NULL,
    "location" geometry(point) NOT NULL
--> statement-breakpoint
CREATE INDEX IF NOT EXISTS "spatial_index" ON "stores" USING gist ("location");

This is how you can insert geometry data into the table in Drizzle. ST_MakePoint() in PostGIS creates a geometric object of type point using the specified coordinates. ST_SetSRID() sets the SRID (unique identifier associated with a specific coordinate system, tolerance, and resolution) on a geometry to a particular integer value:

// mode: 'xy'
await db.insert(stores).values({
  name: 'Test',
  location: { x: -90.9, y: 18.7 },

// mode: 'tuple'
await db.insert(stores).values({
  name: 'Test',
  location: [-90.9, 18.7],

// sql raw
await db.insert(stores).values({
  name: 'Test',
  location: sql`ST_SetSRID(ST_MakePoint(-90.9, 18.7), 4326)`,

To compute the distance between the objects you can use <-> operator and ST_Distance() function, which for geometry types returns the minimum planar distance between two geometries. This is how you can query for the nearest location by coordinates in Drizzle with PostGIS:

import { getTableColumns, sql } from 'drizzle-orm';
import { stores } from './schema';

const point = {
  x: -73.935_242,
  y: 40.730_61,

const sqlPoint = sql`ST_SetSRID(ST_MakePoint(${point.x}, ${point.y}), 4326)`;

await db
    distance: sql`ST_Distance(${stores.location}, ${sqlPoint})`,
  .orderBy(sql`${stores.location} <-> ${sqlPoint}`)
select *, ST_Distance(location, ST_SetSRID(ST_MakePoint(-73.935_242, 40.730_61), 4326))
from stores order by location <-> ST_SetSRID(ST_MakePoint(-73.935_242, 40.730_61), 4326)
limit 1;

To filter stores located within a specified rectangular area, you can use ST_MakeEnvelope() and ST_Within() functions. ST_MakeEnvelope() creates a rectangular Polygon from the minimum and maximum values for X and Y. ST_Within() Returns TRUE if geometry A is within geometry B.

const point = {
  x1: -88,
  x2: -73,
  y1: 40,
  y2: 43,

await db
      ${stores.location}, ST_MakeEnvelope(${point.x1}, ${point.y1}, ${point.x2}, ${point.y2}, 4326)
select * from stores where ST_Within(location, ST_MakeEnvelope(-88, 40, -73, 43, 4326));